BBCOR is the abbreviation for “Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution” standard for aluminum and composite baseball bat in America since 2011.
What does this term need?
It is about safety, a limit that the NCAA (National College Athletic Association) and NFHS (National Federation of High School Associations) have drawn to protect the players in the field.
To understand this better, you have to deal with the history of the baseball strike in college and high school baseball.
Below is a brief overview
In 1974 , for the first time, aluminum or metal basebats were allowed to play in these companies. It should be an inexpensive alternative to the easily fragile wooden baseball bat. At the beginning it worked well, the aluminum bats worked like a wooden spike and they thought they had the problem under control.
But not long afterwards, significant advances were made in the area of aluminum alloys, and the racquets began to be equipped with a single wall. These first unregulated aluminum lobes between 1974 -1986 were comparable to the best composite bats ever.
In 1986 the offensive statistics of the players with so many homeruns and extra base hits etc. exploded etc. that the NCAA was forced to introduce a weight limit on all aluminum racquets. The players soon came out with the slightly heavier weight and beat the balls even harder and farther than before.
At the beginning of the 90s, the big bat manufacturers began experimenting with the alloys. They have invented two-piece bats and composite bats
Again the statistics of the players alerted alarmingly and one had again serious concerns wg. The safety of the field-players, above all the pitcher and infielder, were in the truest sense of the word.
During the 1998 season, so many offensive records were set up, which again led to urgent action. The BESR (Ball Exit Standard Ratio) was introduced, essentially the rebound speed of the ball from the rack, also called Trampoline effect. There was introduced a length to weight ratio of -3 of the bats for adults (from 16). A 32-piece club may thus weigh only 29 ounce from this time. Also the barrel diameter was limited by the NCAA to 2 5/8 inch
This BESR limitation worked well for aluminum alloy racks but manufacturers such as Easton continued to experiment with and presented the first composite bats. The carbon strands in these racquets have always improved in use over time. Aluminumbats, on the other hand, were the best when they were brand new, the good effect was getting worse and worse over time. The players had to buy a new one after a year or two to get good performance again. Now the bats were only after you were imported properly. Even Bat Rolling machines were invented to achieve the same effect from the beginning.
In 2009, the NCAA drew attention to the many Homeruns at the College World Series and was once again thinking about taxing. In 2011, the BBCOR standard, which has been valid until today, was finally introduced after successful tests. Accordingly, the rebound speed of a beaten ball should not be higher than that of a woodcutter. The manufacturers try to get as close as possible to this limit.
Are the BBCOR better now than a wooden bat?
A legitimate question, since they are often much more expensive, a good woodcock gets you already for under 100 euros. In the beginning the BBCOR bats were not much better, but as always the manufacturers find ways to stretch the boundaries. Meanwhile the sweet spot with a best BBCOR bat is twice the size of a baseball bat made of wood. In addition, they are perfectly balanced so that you can swing faster through the Strike Zone. Even if the balls are not technically faster and fly like with wood you have clear advantages with these aluminum and composite bats because you can hit the ball more often and also better, well. Whether this advantage is worth the money everyone has to decide for themselves.